Dr. Sharpley is an international authority on assessing, managing, and remediating the impacts of agricultural management on soil and water resources. His research investigates the cycling of phosphorus in soil-plant-water systems in relation to soil productivity and water quality and includes the management of animal manures, fertilizers, and crop residues. He also evaluates the role of stream and river sediments in modifying phosphorus transport and response of receiving lakes and reservoirs.
Dr. Sharpley was the 2017 President of the Soil Science Society of America and the 2018 Chair of Alliance of Crop, Soil, and Environmental Science Societies.
Dr. Sharpley has authored or coauthored over 630 publications with the impact of this published research is evidenced by his refereed journal papers being cited 43,554 times since 1995 and 15,887 times since 2012, according to an ISI Web of Knowledge science citation index search. He has an h index of 104 (a scholar with an index of h has published h papers each of which has been cited in other papers at least h times). He was an Associate Editor for the Journal of Environmental Quality from 1984 to 1990 and 1992 to 2000; Technical Editor from 2003 to 2009; and Environmental Perspectives and Issues Editor from 2009 to 2012. He was Editor-in-Chief of the Soil Science Society of America from 2012 to 2016.